Drawing on a broad range of sources, including previously unexamined archival documents, personal letters, and interviews, Holzman looks beneath the surface of Angleton's career to reveal the sensibility that governed not only his personal aims and ambitions but those of the organization he served and helped shape. In this deeply researched biography, Michael Holzman uses Angleton's story to illuminate the history of the CIA from its founding in the late s to the mids. Even after Yasser Arafat on behalf of the PLO renounced violence in , other so-called "rejectionist" organisations, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Abu Nidal group, continued the terrorist operations. His marriage to Cicely d'Autremont and the couple's friendship with E.
His marriage to Cicely d'Autremont and the couple's friendship with E. MI5 along with other western security services have had to develop a new approach. Even after Yasser Arafat on behalf of the PLO renounced violence in , other so-called "rejectionist" organisations, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Abu Nidal group, continued the terrorist operations. We still need traditional investigations to understand the terrorist groups and their aims and methods, so that we can counter them. It started as a small, secretive group, but over the years it has expanded. Those able to meet these new requirements thrived and advanced. Extremist Islamic terrorism grew during the s, with the declaration of the west and America in particular as the "Great Satan". One of the underpinnings of this new closer relationship in Europe was the group of heads of European security services, which met twice a year. Some countries actively use terrorism as an arm of their foreign policy, particularly at various stages Libya, Syria, Iran and Iraq. The growth of terrorism requires cooperation of a totally different type - less discreet, broader, more inclusive and above all more immediate. As always in such cases, it is from the hard, painstaking, detailed analysis that the soundest conclusions emerge. This collaboration did not settle down easily. If they detected surveillance, they would not turn round and shoot. Creating the space for that work to go on, in a fevered international climate, is the difficulty. There are obviously likely to be enormous problems if one country, on receipt of some intelligence, alerts the government, mobilises the special forces, grounds all aircraft and closes the frontiers, while another discounts it as a fabrication and ignores it. Since the end of the cold war, it no longer exists in that form. They loved to tour around Europe, calling not only on ministers, but also on police and security services, accompanied by somewhat embarrassed officials from their own countries. That sort of thing tended to happen at first. This terrorist activity presents a great challenge for governments and their security and law enforcement agencies. As Europe started to dismantle its borders, keeping track of them became increasingly difficult. In western Europe and the USA, governments try to counter it, firstly politically, by ostracising the governments who support terrorists and by refusing to bargain with the terrorists themselves. As always in these cases there was an instant demand for the answer to the question, "Who is responsible? But to increase the chances of success in this difficult field, a way had to be found to distribute highly sensitive intelligence quickly and securely, across state borders, so as to alert whichever country was being threatened or was in a position to take some action. While the Northern Ireland problem was growing, other forms of terrorism had begun to appear. The KGB were gentlemen compared to the terrorists.
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