Since , the information technology IT services sector has revitalised Kolkata's stagnant economy. These sediments are sandwiched between two clay beds: In , prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a "dying city" in light of its socio-political woes. Calcutta was the largest commercial centre in British India. Spread roughly north—south along the east bank of the Hooghly River, Kolkata sits within the lower Ganges Delta of eastern India approximately 75 km 47 mi west of the international border with Bangladesh ; the city's elevation is 1.
In , prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a "dying city" in light of its socio-political woes. Bagh , formerly known as Dalhousie Square, and the Esplanade on its east; Strand Road is on its west. Spread roughly north—south along the east bank of the Hooghly River, Kolkata sits within the lower Ganges Delta of eastern India approximately 75 km 47 mi west of the international border with Bangladesh ; the city's elevation is 1. Two planned townships in the greater Kolkata region are Bidhannagar , also known as Salt Lake City and located north-east of the city; and Rajarhat , also called New Town and sited east of Bidhannagar. Richard Wellesley , Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William between and , was largely responsible for the development of the city and its public architecture. Kalikata was a fishing village; Sutanuti was a riverside weavers' village. The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, condemned the militarisation and tax evasion by the company. Job Charnock , an administrator who worked for the company, was formerly credited as the founder of the city;  In response to a public petition,  the Calcutta High Court ruled in that the city does not have a founder. The highest monthly rainfall total occurs in July and August. The highest recorded temperature is East Kolkata is also a section. The city and its port were bombed several times by the Japanese between and , during World War II. Similarly, it can be a variation of 'Kalikshetra' Sanskrit: It was the world's longest-serving democratically elected communist government, during which Kolkata was a key base for Indian communism. His warning went unheeded, and the Nawab attacked; he captured Fort William which led to the killings of several East India company officials in the Black Hole of Calcutta. These sediments are sandwiched between two clay beds: The city is also experiencing marked growth in its manufacturing base. They were part of an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor ; the jagirdari a land grant bestowed by a king on his noblemen taxation rights to the villages were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of landowners, or zamindars. In these months often incessant rain for days brings live to a stall for the city dwellers. The city's economic recovery gathered momentum after the s, when India began to institute pro-market reforms. Map of Calcutta, ca The partition of Bengal in along religious lines led to mass protests, making Calcutta a less hospitable place for the British. Fort William, on the western part of the city, houses the headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army ;  its premises are under the jurisdiction of the army. The coalescence of British and Indian culture resulted in the emergence of a new babu class of urbane Indians, whose members were often bureaucrats, professionals, newspaper readers, and Anglophiles; they usually belonged to upper-caste Hindu communities. Often, in April—June, the city is struck by heavy rains or dusty squalls that are followed by thunderstorms or hailstorms, bringing cooling relief from the prevailing humidity. The southern suburban neighbourhoods like Mahamayatala, Pratapgarh, Kamalgazi , Narendrapur , Sonarpur , Subhashgram and Baruipur are also within the city of Kolkata as metropolitan, urban agglomeration area.
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