Martin Thomas, appointed by the government in to oversee mine leases, was commissioned to survey the mines in Clingman's and Hartig's have relocated to the outskirts of Galena, while Stair's and Sullivan's closed their doors permanently. Incorporation was approved by the county board of trustees on October 2, and the first meeting of trustees occurred the next day.
Since that time the face of Galena has changed a great deal. Long-standing businesses in the downtown area including Stair's Grocery, Sullivan's Grocery, Clingman's Pharmacy, the oldest continuously operating pharmacy in Illinois, and Hartig Drug have closed their downtown locations. Due to erosion, the Galena River is now inaccessible to steamboats. A meeting on February 1, , established the first fire department. This established the first courts in Galena; previous legal proceedings were heard in front of the Superintendent of Lead Mines. Early documentation officially records the name as "Fever River", an early name for the Galena River , though it does not appear that this name was commonly used. In Galena started a campaign called Vision, that is modeled after neighbor Dubuque, Iowa 's Vision , a committee which gives the community five ideas out of hundreds brought forth in the community that they want Galena to do in the next decade. Shull built a trading post. Eight days later, five individuals were elected as the first trustees. In the s, Galena Mayor Frank Einsweiler initiated a tourist campaign. The land remained in government possession until the leasing system was eased out in — Precolonial and colonial history[ edit ] A large galena crystal from the Galena mines The city is named for galena ,  the natural form of lead sulfide PbS and the most important lead ore. January family, who arrived in from Maysville, Kentucky , are considered the first permanent American settlers. Thomas platted the town and, starting in June , settlers could lease plots from the government. It is a craft show that attracts thousands of visitors to the area. Martin Thomas, appointed by the government in to oversee mine leases, was commissioned to survey the mines in Galena received national attention in the s as home of General Ulysses S. However, the growth of the city led settlers to encroach on native land claims, seeking new veins of lead. Clingman's and Hartig's have relocated to the outskirts of Galena, while Stair's and Sullivan's closed their doors permanently. A French map identified the northwestern Illinois area as mines de plumb. The Country Fair in Grant Park has helped guide the change to a tourist town. Incorporation was approved by the county board of trustees on October 2, and the first meeting of trustees occurred the next day. In , the 32nd annual Halloween Parade attendance was estimated at 15, The once boarded-up Main Street buildings have also been given a rejuvenation in the past two decades. Citizens established forts at nearby Elizabeth and Apple River ; although they were not used during the affair, the forts provided residents with security and protection. Decline[ edit ] Following a sharp decline in the demand for lead which had been the city's chief income source during the early 19th century , Galena's population dropped from 14, in the midth century, to 3, in the early 21st century.
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